Examine Source 4. What was the most significant impact of the invention of the printing press on works like Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses?
It allowed such works to be copied many times and distributed to wide audiences.
It was able to produce a few copies of such works with beautiful typeface.
It convinced authors that the Latin language was no longer sufficient for communicating with the masses.
It made such works too expensive for common people to afford.
Examine Sources 4 and 5. The teachings of Confucius focused on—
leading people through moral force and respect for traditions.
making people feel worthless for not being perfect.
promoting warfare as the solution to society’s problems.
putting the teachings of the Buddha into practical effect.
Which of the following are differences between Source 2 and Source 4? Select two correct answers.
Source 2 notes that humans used fire to treat stone tools 160,000 years ago, while Source 4 contends that humans only learned to use fire 10,000 years ago.
Source 2 notes that humans first used writing in 3000 BCE but does not mention any civilization’s script by name. Source 4, on the other hand, mentions cuneiform and hieroglyphics directly.
While it mentions the "birth of agriculture" 10,000 years ago, Source 2 does not use the word "Neolithic." Source 4, on the other hand, does use the word "Neolithic."
Source 2 contends that agriculture began in 8000 BCE, while Source 4 contends that it began between 15,000 and 12,000 BCE.
Source 2 contends that humans mastered fire 1.6 million years ago, but Source 4 never alludes to humans mastering fire.
Examine Source 3. Which of the following statements is the most likely explanation of the spread of the Black Death in Europe?
The Black Death primarily spread gradually north from Mediterranean port cities via trade routes.
The Black Death primarily spread gradually east from Lisbon, Portugal, via trade routes.
The Black Death primarily spread gradually south from London, England, via trade routes.
The Black Death primarily spread gradually west from Constantinople, Byzantium, via routes previously taken by the Crusaders.
Source 1 confirms which of the following ideas expressed in Source 3?
As the judicial branch of the Roman Republic, praetors had an extremely important role to play.
Two men called consuls presided over the Roman government, and they often used their veto power to check one another’s authority.
Popular elections determined who would serve in the Roman Senate.
The Roman Republic was often plagued by corruption.
The place of worship in Timbuktu pictured in Source 4 is most likely a __ dedicated to—
mosque; the Islamic faith.
cathedral; the Christian faith.
ziggurat; Mesopotamian gods.
pyramid; dead Egyptian pharaohs.
Source 2 reflects Alexander the Great’s reputation as a—
divinely-favored conquering scholar.
descendant of a Greek god.
Why was job specialization possible for a relatively large number of people only after the Neolithic Revolution and the beginning of civilization?
Before the advent of civilization, almost everyone needed to be involved in hunting for and gathering food. After the invention of mass agriculture, though, food surpluses allowed some people to focus their time and energy on other pursuits.
Before the advent of civilization, people had to focus their time on serious issues like religion. After the invention of mass agriculture, though, people had time to eat for pleasure.
Before the advent of civilization, almost everyone was a hunter. After the invention of mass agriculture, though, people not only had time for religion and philosophy; they also had time to gather berries.
Before the advent of civilization, meat was in short supply. After the invention of mass agriculture, though, meat became more readily available. Meat in their diets gave people the energy to become skilled craftspeople and artisans.