Why were guilds often able to form local monopolies in the production of certain goods?
They charged extremely high dues which condemned all their members to poverty.
They offered membership to both skilled and unskilled workers.
They could ensure better prices for their members and better products for the public at large.
They opened banks that charged high rates of interest.
Why, from the viewpoint of Western Europeans, was the Third Crusade ultimately unsuccessful?
The Crusaders never won a battle against Saladin.
It resulted in Richard the Lionheart being killed in battle.
It failed to end in the sacking of Constantinople.
It failed to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims.