LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 4 Chapter 4

LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 4 Chapter 4 Sample

Read the passages. Then, answer the questions 1a - 4a that follow.

The California Gold Rush

1. In 1848, settlers discovered gold just north of Sacramento, California. And this is one of the most important events to shape American history during the first half of the 19th century. On January 24, 1848, a man named James Marshall found flakes of gold in the American River at the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains near Coloma, California.

2. The following year, gold seekers came from all over the world as part of the California Gold Rush. Since the gold rush occurred in 1849, these new arrivals became known as "49ers." The gold rush caused California’s population to grow rapidly. It produced a need for government in California almost overnight.

3. People had different reasons for moving west. Some wanted to find gold. They hoped to get rich in places like California, Oregon, and Colorado. The mining industry boomed as people tried to find gold in western territories. A number of mining camps eventually grew into small towns and cities.

4. Other people wanted land. Land was plentiful in the west. People hoped to claim land and become farmers or ranchers. Cotton became a money making crop in the South. And many Southerners moved West to buy land in places like Louisiana and Texas, hoping to make it rich as cotton farmers.

1pt
1b.

Which paragraph supports the answer to Part A?

1 pt
2b.

How do you know this passage is organized in this order?

1 pt
3b.

Which two details support the answer to Part A?

1 pt
4b.

How do you suppose James Marshall felt when he saw flakes of gold in the American River?

The Spelling Bee

1. I grew up with my parents, my sister, and my brother in Russia. My father lost his job as an engineer, so we all moved in with my father’s parents. The house was crowded with so many people living in it. Then, my whole life changed when I was ten years old. My father told us that we were all moving to America, the land of opportunity, to live.

2. After many days of sailing on a stinky ship, we finally arrived in New York City. We moved into an apartment in Manhattan. I was scared to go to school because I did not speak a word of English. As I walked into my new school, I heard the sound of laughter. I put my head down and wished with all my heart that I was still in Russia.

3. I worked very hard to learn how to speak English. But no matter how hard I tried, I couldn’t do it. My teacher, Mrs. James, told my parents that she had a neighbor who would help me. The next day, Mr. Franklin came to our apartment and began teaching me how to speak English.

4. Eventually, I learned how to speak English. But it was very hard. I also learned how to read and write in English. The other kids laughed and made fun of me. But I just kept practicing until I got it right. After a year, Mr. Franklin said I didn’t need his help anymore. Near the end of the school year, I decided to be in a spelling bee at school.

5. I was really nervous, but my parents were in the front row smiling at me. One by one, students were eliminated until it was just me and Casey Simmons. She was one of the girls who made fun of me. The last word was hippopotamus. Casey stood up and slowly said, "h-i-p-o-p-o-t-m-u-s."

6. "I’m sorry, Casey, but that is incorrect. Anna, it’s your turn," Mrs. Wetzel said.

7. I stood up, walked to the podium, took a deep breath, and said, "h-i-p-p-o-p-o-t-a-m-u-s."

8. "That is correct. Congratulations, Anna. You are the winner of this year’s spelling bee."

9. All of a sudden, the people in the audience started clapping and cheering. I couldn’t believe it. Here I was, a young girl from Russia, winning a spelling bee in America. My parents were so proud of me. But I was even more proud of myself. I did it! All that hard work had paid off. There was no stopping me now.

1pt
6a.

How long did it take Anna to learn English?

1 pt
7a.

According to the passage, why did Anna stop learning how to speak English?

1 pt
8.

What is the best summary of this passage?