LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 5 Post Test

LEAP 2025 ELA Grade 5 Post Test Sample

Read the passage below then answer the questions that follow.

Pet Pigs

1. Potbellied pigs are becoming popular pets. The number of people buying pet pigs is growing. Unfortunately, the number of pigs left in shelters is growing too. It is important to think about both the advantages and disadvantages of owning a pig before you take the plunge.

Pigs Will Be Pigs

2. Pigs are very smart animals. They are also easy to train. Pigs can use a litter box or a certain corner of a yard as a bathroom. They can learn many different tricks. They will also respond to many commands. However, because pigs are so smart, they can get bored easily. A pig kept in the house all day will look for ways to entertain itself. A pig’s idea of a good time might not match the owner’s ideas. For example, chewing up rugs is one way pigs stay busy inside. Knocking over houseplants and digging in the dirt are other ways that pigs have fun.

Top Pigs

3. Pigs are very social animals. This means they are friendly and playful, and many people believe that pigs are sweet and charming. However, these are also reasons why people give up their pigs. Many people can’t handle the amount of attention their pigs demand. Additionally, pigs are herd animals. When you adopt a pig into your family, the pig sees your family as members of its herd. When the pig is about eighteen months old, it tries to become the "top pig." It will fight for the number-one spot in the herd. The pig will charge at or snap at the people in the house, and this can be dangerous for humans.

Keeping Your Pig Healthy

4. Most pigs enjoy good health. With proper care, they can live ten to fifteen years. Owners should bring their pigs to a veterinarian for a checkup once a year. The veterinarian will give the pigs the vaccinations they need to stay healthy. The doctor will also trim the pig’s hooves every year. Even with good care, one of the biggest threats to a pig’s health is pneumonia. Weather plays a big part in this, but so does stress. Pigs are very sensitive animals that can easily have their feelings hurt or become "stressed out" by family activities. Pigs have small lungs, and stress makes it harder for the pigs to fight off germs that affect the lungs.

Is a Pet Pig Right for You?

5. Potbellied pigs make fun, funny, and loyal pets. They also require a great amount of care. Think carefully about the time and work involved before you make a pig your pet.

1 pt

What does the phrase "take the plunge" mean as it is used in the passage above?

1 pt

Which detail from the passage above best supports the answer to Part A?

1 pt

What source would most likely provide more information on how to train a potbellied pig?

1 pt

Read this sentence from the passage above.

They also require a great amount of care.

Which two facts from the passage above give evidence to support this statement?

The History of the Miniature Pig

Origin of the Miniature Pig

1. Chris Murray, a pig breeder in Devon, England, is known to be the original breeder of the miniature pig. He originally called the first miniature pig a "pennywell." Eventually, he called them the "teacup pig" after discovering they shared his love of tea. Murray introduced this miniature pig to the public in 2007 and began selling teacup pigs in pairs as pets to anyone who could afford them. Miniature pigs became very popular in late 2009 after several celebrities, such as Rupert Grint (of Harry Potter fame), bought a miniature pig. On average, a teacup pig costs about $1,000. Chris Murray usually sells teacup pigs in pairs, "so that they always have company and a companion to snuggle down with on cold winter nights."

Characteristics of the Miniature Pig

2. Miniature pigs are intelligent animals that can be house-trained. They do not shed, and they keep themselves clean. One false belief about miniature pigs is that they will always stay small. At birth, teacup pigs weigh under one pound, so they really look miniature. However, adult teacup pigs weigh about 65 pounds, and they are 12 to 16 inches tall. As you can see, fully grown miniature pigs aren’t that tiny. In fact, they are about the size of a Cocker Spaniel.

Health and Behavior of Miniature Pigs

3. Teacup pigs are affectionate, non-destructive, and very intelligent. They are pets that require about the same amount of daily care as a similar size dog. Just like with any dog, the entire family must follow the rules you set up for your teacup pig. And these rules must never be broken. Miniature pigs can live about fifteen to twenty years. Teacup pigs are clean and odorless. Unlike dogs, they have no fleas. They also make good pets for people who suffer from allergies to cats or dogs.

4. Regular exercise is important because miniature pigs can become very lazy, overweight, and even aggressive without daily exercise. Daily walks on the leash are a must to keep them fit. They also need company and should not be left alone for long periods of time. Miniature pigs need a large yard to romp around in. In many countries, people need special permission to own a pet pig. You must also make sure that your local veterinarian has the necessary knowledge to treat miniature pigs.

5. Miniature pigs can even be trained to perform tricks. Dogs are motivated to learn how to perform tricks to please their owners; however, miniature pigs are motivated by food to learn how to perform tricks.

Buyer Beware

6. Anyone who is interested in buying a teacup pig should do some research on miniature pigs to make sure that a miniature pig would make a good pet. It is also important to make sure that you research pig breeders and only buy a miniature pig from an honest pig breeder. Many dishonest pig breeders sell full size pigs to people who think they are buying miniature pigs. If a miniature pig sounds like the right pet for you, log onto the Internet to learn all you need to know to buy and care for these cuddly animals.

1 pt

What are three reasons why miniature pigs should get regular exercise?